In this post we take a look at the endings of singular nouns in the genitive case. The genitive case often gets a bad rap for being one of the most difficult cases in the Russian language. Admittedly the plural noun endings in this case aren't a walk in the park.
Hopefully in this post you'll learn everything you need to master singular nouns, and eliminate some of the confusion that often surrounds this grammatical case.
Masculine & neuter nouns
The basic genitive endings for masculine and neuter nouns with a hard ending is -а.
The basic genitive ending for masculine and neuter nouns with a soft ending is -я.
The basic genitive endings for feminine nouns that end in a hard stem is -ы.
The basic genitive endings for feminine nouns that end with a soft stem is -и.
Feminine nouns with the 7-letter spelling rule
Feminine nouns that end in a hard stem with one of the following 7 letters with get an -и ending instead of an -ы ending.
The 7 letter spelling rule:
Don't use ы after the letters г, к, х, ж, ш, щ, and ч. Instead use и
The endings for the genitive singular aren't that complicated. After a bit of study and practice you should be able to pick them up right away!